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By Josie Underwood

A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically popular kinfolk in Bowling eco-friendly, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840–1923) left in the back of one of many few intimate bills of the Civil warfare written by means of a southern lady sympathetic to the Union. This vibrant portrayal of the early years of the warfare starts a number of months prior to the 1st pictures have been fired on castle Sumter in April 1861. "The Philistines are upon us," twenty-year-old Josie writes in her diary, leaving no doubt concerning the alarm she feels whilst accomplice squaddies occupy her once-peaceful city. delivering a distinct standpoint at the tensions among the Union and the Confederacy, Josie finds that Kentucky used to be a hotbed of political and army motion, really in her place of birth of Bowling eco-friendly, often called the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. positioned alongside vital rail and water routes that have been very important for delivery offers out and in of the Confederacy, the town associated the higher South's alternate and inhabitants facilities and was once strategically serious to either armies. shooting the fright and frustration she and her family members skilled while Bowling eco-friendly served because the accomplice army's headquarters within the fall of 1861, Josie tells of squaddies who trampled fields, pilfered vegetation, burned fences, slash bushes, stole meals, and invaded houses and companies. In early 1862, Josie's outspoken Unionist father, Warner Underwood, was once ordered to evacuate the family's Mount Air property, which was once later destroyed via occupying forces. Wartime hardships additionally strained relationships between Josie's kin, pals, and buddies, whose passionate ideals approximately Lincoln, slavery, and Kentucky's secession divided them. released for the 1st time, Josie Underwood's Civil battle Diary interweaves firsthand descriptions of the political unrest of the day with precise debts of an lively social existence choked with go back and forth, events, and suitors. Bringing to existence a Unionist, slave-owning younger lady who hostile either Lincoln's regulations and Kentucky's secession, the diary dramatically chronicles the actual and emotional traumas visited on Josie's kin, group, and nation in the course of wartime.

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Oh! the crime of the lads on either side. enthusiasts North and South who led to this merciless conflict. may well ninth— Lieut. Mason has long gone domestic a lot better—fairly at the street to restoration yet I nonetheless needs to occupy my couch within the parlor—for napping, as sister Jupe—who is way from good should have my room. the times are so appealing now—but the bad little city seems distressingly dilapidated. The constructions burned while the rebels left, have by no means been rebuilt. The streets are in dreadful situation, ever such a lot of hospitals, packed with ill soldiers—and negative convalescent men—pale, weak—homesick having a look fellows sitting and straggling round within the sunny locations. abandoned camping out grounds—in a number of suburbs of the town—with all types of cast-off issues, scattered round. The soldier’s “graveyard” getting bigger—every day approximately, a number of extra new forums on the head and foot of mounds of unpolluted earth, possibly a reputation at the boards—maybe only a quantity. the opposite side—there are a number of friendly officers—stationed the following accountable for the relatively few troops garrisoning the city. they've got “hops” at headquarters—visit the ladies. they can be up right here to call—take tea and that i trip often with a number of of them—as this day I rode with Lieut. Harris out round pricey “Mount Air. ” attractive even in its desolation, however the candy spring day, Lieut Harris’ wit nor the excitement of horseback driving may banish the disappointment this battle is bringing into my lifestyles and if into mine how a lot more—into hundreds of thousands of different lives—not so blessed as mine. I haven’t heard a observe from Tom Grafton because the confederates left Bowling eco-friendly. at the start i assumed it good given that by way of different capability i couldn't locate it in my center to forbid his writing. this present day i might provide whatever for considered one of his letters. What a vulnerable silly lady i'm! may perhaps twentieth— Col. Hawkins goes to New Port Ky. to go to his brother (who is Mayor of that urban) sooner than returning to affix his regiment on the entrance. Annie goes along with her father they usually beg me to compliment her. i'm a bit afraid to go—for i'm afraid—John [Hunt] Morgan may make one in all his bold raids and tear up the railroad tracks and whatever occur that I couldn’t come again domestic. there's an excessive amount of of curiosity occurring during this a part of the area for me to need to be clear of the following and the risks to these i like. five JUNE twelfth— i used to be over-persuaded and went to NewPort, Ky. with Annie. Her uncle and Aunt are pleasant humans and wouldn't allow us to come domestic on the finish of every week as we had intended—but made us remain until eventually the day prior to this. thankfully we had ready for unforeseen contingencies so had all our stable outfits with us. every little thing was once performed for our excitement and we did celebrate in a fashion. Met loads of younger gents, i'd have thought of very entertaining—in occasions long past by—but who may well deal with robust fit younger men—who remain at domestic to amuse themselves—or to earn cash while their nation is in such want in their prone. in the event that they are in sympathy with the rebels, as a few of these Newport males are—the Confederacy wishes them way more.

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