By Getzel M. Cohen
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Extra info for The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa
For the possibility local payment preceded Arsames’ beginning see Arsameia, seventy three. BEROIA The toponym Beroia recollects the city in Macedonia and means that the basis in Syria was once named for it and doubtless settled by way of colonists from 154 hellenistic settlements there. 1 Appian (Syr. fifty seven) and diverse later authors acknowledged that Seleukos I Nikator based Beroia. 2 other than the point out of the founder, all of our different extant information regarding Beroia pertains to occasions within the moment and ﬁrst centuries b. c. In 163 the excessive priest of Jerusalem, Menelaus, was once imprisoned and achieved there (2 Macc. thirteen. 4). it'll look that during the ﬁrst a part of the ﬁrst century b. c. Beroia used to be the guts of a small principality in northeast Syria. Herakleon, the minister of Antiochos VIII Grypos, got here from Beroia (Posidonius in Athen. four. 153b–c). three in keeping with Justin (Prol. 39) Herakleon then brieﬂy occupied the throne. In 88 b. c. Beroia was once governed by way of a undeniable Straton ( Jos. AJ thirteen. 384–85). It was once right here that Demetrios III was once besieged and captured by means of the mixed forces of Straton, Philip, Aziz (an Arab chieftain), and Mithridates (the Parthian governor). ultimately, Strabo (16. 2. 7), who describes Beroia as a polichnion, says that, besides HERAKLEIA and Bambyke (HIERAPOLIS), it was managed by way of Dionysios son of Herakleon. possibly Dionysios used to be the son of Grypos’s minister. if that is so, this may date his regulate of the principality to after the death of Straton. Coinage of the Imperial interval (Trajan to Antoninus Pius) bears the ethnic BEROIAIWN. four Beroia used to be positioned at the highway from APAMEIA and CHALKIS eastward to HIERAPOLIS and northward to KYRRHOS, on the website of the fashionable Aleppo. five * * * * normally see Benzinger, RE s. v. “Beroia 5”; and Streck, RE Suppl. I, addition to “Beroia 5”; Honigmann, “Hist. Topog. ,” no. 107; Tcherikover, HS, fifty six; Dussaud, Topographie, 473; Sauvaget, Alep, 33–53; Brodersen, Komment. , 151; Grainger, Seleukid Syria, 132, 173–74 and passim; identification. , Seleukid Prosopography, 702. 1. On Beroia in Macedonia see Papazoglou, Villes, 141–48. Edson’s declare (HSCP forty five  213–46) that Antigonos Monophthalmos used to be born there has no longer met with common attractiveness; cf. Lévêque, Pyrrhos (Paris, 1957) 156–57; and Billows, Antigonos, 18 n. eight. 2. For Seleukos Nikator because the founder see additionally Eusebius (Chron. 199, ed. Karst); George Synkellos 520 (ed. Mosshammer); George Kedrenos 166D (CSHB XIII); and Dionysius of inform Mahre (Incerti auctoris Chronicum anonymum Pseudo-Dionysianum vulgo dictum, ed. J. B. Chabot (CSCO 121 = III Scriptores Syri I, Versio, p. 37). Cf. Grainger, Seleukid Syria, fifty two; Grainger brushed off Seleukos as a potential founding father of Beroia; n. b. , in spite of the fact that, that Grainger didn't consult with any of the later facts. three. On Herakleon of Beroia see assets pointed out above and Otto, RE s. v. “Herakleon 3”; Kahrstedt, Syr. Territ. , ninety two; Bellinger, “End of the Seleucids,” seventy two and n. 60; Kidd, Posidonius, 327 on F75; Grainger, Seleukid Syria, 173. four. For the coinage of the Imperial interval with the ethnic BEROIAIWN see, for instance, Hunter.